PLDI 2024
Mon 24 - Fri 28 June 2024 Copenhagen, Denmark

Welcome to the 25th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGBED International Conference on Languages, Compilers, and Tools for Embedded Systems (LCTES 2024)!

LCTES provides a link between the programming languages and embedded systems engineering communities. Researchers and developers in these areas are addressing many similar problems but with different backgrounds and approaches. LCTES is intended to expose researchers and developers from either area to relevant work and interesting problems in the other area and provide a forum where they can interact.

LCTES’24 is co-located with PLDI and FCRC 2024, sharing the venue and activities with ten top computer science conferences.

Conference Registration: https://pldi24.sigplan.org/attending/registration

Conference Date: Monday 24 June 2024

Conference Location: Room Sweden (capacity: 275), Radisson Blu Scandinavia, Copenhagen

This program is tentative and subject to change.

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Mon 24 Jun

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09:00 - 10:10
LCTES Welcome and KeynoteLCTES at Iceland
09:00
20m
Day opening
Welcome and Opening
LCTES

09:20
50m
Keynote
Three Colours of Fuzzing: Reflections and Open Challenges
LCTES
Cristian Cadar Imperial College London
10:40 - 12:20
OptimizationLCTES at Iceland
10:40
15m
Talk
Accelerating Shared Library Execution in a DBT
LCTES
Tom Spink University of St Andrews, Björn Franke University of Edinburgh
10:55
15m
Talk
Efficient Implementation of Neural Networks Usual Layers on Fixed-Point Architectures
LCTES
Dorra Ben Khalifa University of Toulouse - ENAC, Matthieu Martel Université de Perpignan Via Domitia
11:10
15m
Talk
TinySeg: Model Optimizing Framework for Image Segmentation on Tiny Embedded Systems
LCTES
Byungchul Chae Kyung Hee University, Jiae Kim Kyung Hee University, Seonyeong Heo Kyung Hee University
11:25
10m
Break
Break - 10 minutes
LCTES

11:35
15m
Talk
MixPert: Optimizing Mixed-Precision Floating-Point Emulation on GPU Integer Tensor Cores
LCTES
Zejia Lin Sun Yat-sen University, Aoyuan Sun Sun Yat-sen University, Xianwei Zhang Sun Yat-sen University, Yutong Lu Sun Yat-sen University
11:50
15m
Talk
Optimistic and Scalable Global Function Merging
LCTES
12:05
15m
Talk
(Invited paper) Language-Based Deployment Optimization for Random Forest
LCTES
Jannik Malcher TU Dortmund University, Daniel Biebert TU Dortmund University, Kuan-Hsun Chen University of Twente, Sebastian Buschjäger TU Dortmund University, Christian Hakert TU Dortmund University, Jian-Jia Chen TU Dortmund University
13:40 - 15:20
Embedded SystemsLCTES at Iceland
Chair(s): Jian-Jia Chen TU Dortmund University
13:40
15m
Talk
SmartVisor: User-Friendly Hypervisor for Mobile Robots
LCTES
Guanyu Chen Zhejiang University, Pan Lv Zhejiang University, Hong Li Zhejiang University, Guoqing Yang Zhejiang University
13:55
15m
Talk
Orchestrating Multiple Mixed Precision Models on a Shared Precision-Scalable NPU
LCTES
Kiung Jung Yonsei University, Seok Namkoong Yonsei University, Hongjun Um Hanyang University, Hyejun Kim Yonsei University, Youngsok Kim Yonsei University, Yongjun Park Yonsei University
14:10
15m
Talk
WoCA: Avoiding Intermittent Execution in Embedded Systems by Worst-Case Analyses with Device States
LCTES
Phillip Raffeck Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Johannes Maier Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Peter Wägemann Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)
14:25
10m
Break
Break - 10 minutes
LCTES

14:35
15m
Talk
Unmasking the Lurking: Malicious Behavior Detection for IoT Malware with Multi-label Classification
LCTES
Ruitao Feng SMU, Sen Li Tianjin University, Sen Chen Tianjin University, Mengmeng Ge Nanyang Technological University, Xuewei Li Tianjin University, Xiaohong Li Tianjin University
14:50
15m
Talk
TWFuzz: Fuzzing Embedded Systems with Three Wires
LCTES
Zhongwen Feng Chang' an University, Junyan Ma Chang'an University
15:05
15m
Talk
OpenMP-RT: Native Pragma Support for Real-Time Tasks and Synchronization with LLVM under Linux
LCTES
Brayden McDonald North Carolina State University, Frank Mueller North Carolina State University, USA
16:00 - 17:40
Analysis and TestingLCTES at Iceland
Chair(s): Jason Xue MBZUAI
16:00
15m
Talk
EVMBT: A Binary Translation Scheme for Upgrading EVM Smart Contracts to WASM
LCTES
Weimin Chen The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Xiapu Luo The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Haoyu Wang Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Heming Cui University of Hong Kong, Shuyu Zheng Peking University, Xuanzhe Liu Peking University
16:15
15m
Talk
CodeExtract: Enhancing Binary Code Similarity Detection with Code Extraction Techniques
LCTES
Lichen Jia Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chenggang Wu Institute of Computing Technology at Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhongguancun Laboratory, Zhe Wang Institute of Computing Technology at Chinese Academy of Sciences; Zhongguancun Laboratory, Peihua Zhang
16:30
15m
Talk
Foundations for a Rust-Like Borrow Checker for C
LCTES
Tiago Silva University of Porto, João Bispo Faculdade de Engenharia e Universidade do Porto, Tiago Carvalho University of Porto
16:45
15m
Talk
Enhancing Code Vulnerability Detection via Vulnerability-Preserving Data Augmentation
LCTES
Shangqing Liu Nanyang Technological University, Wei Ma Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Jian Wang Nanyang Technological University, Xiaofei Xie Singapore Management University, Ruitao Feng SMU, Yang Liu Nanyang Technological University
17:00
15m
Talk
(WIP) A Flexible-Granularity Task Graph Representation and its Generation from C Applications
LCTES
Tiago Santos Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, João Bispo Faculdade de Engenharia e Universidade do Porto, João M. P. Cardoso University of Porto and INESC TEC, Portugal
17:15
25m
Day closing
Closing
LCTES

Accepted Papers

Title
Accelerating Shared Library Execution in a DBT
LCTES
CodeExtract: Enhancing Binary Code Similarity Detection with Code Extraction Techniques
LCTES
Efficient Implementation of Neural Networks Usual Layers on Fixed-Point Architectures
LCTES
Enhancing Code Vulnerability Detection via Vulnerability-Preserving Data Augmentation
LCTES
EVMBT: A Binary Translation Scheme for Upgrading EVM Smart Contracts to WASM
LCTES
Foundations for a Rust-Like Borrow Checker for C
LCTES
(Invited paper) Language-Based Deployment Optimization for Random Forest
LCTES
MixPert: Optimizing Mixed-Precision Floating-Point Emulation on GPU Integer Tensor Cores
LCTES
OpenMP-RT: Native Pragma Support for Real-Time Tasks and Synchronization with LLVM under Linux
LCTES
Optimistic and Scalable Global Function Merging
LCTES
Orchestrating Multiple Mixed Precision Models on a Shared Precision-Scalable NPU
LCTES
SmartVisor: User-Friendly Hypervisor for Mobile Robots
LCTES
Three Colours of Fuzzing: Reflections and Open Challenges
LCTES
TinySeg: Model Optimizing Framework for Image Segmentation on Tiny Embedded Systems
LCTES
TWFuzz: Fuzzing Embedded Systems with Three Wires
LCTES
Unmasking the Lurking: Malicious Behavior Detection for IoT Malware with Multi-label Classification
LCTES
(WIP) A Flexible-Granularity Task Graph Representation and its Generation from C Applications
LCTES
WoCA: Avoiding Intermittent Execution in Embedded Systems by Worst-Case Analyses with Device States
LCTES

Submission

Submissions must be in ACM SIGPLAN subformat of the acmart format (available at and explained in more detail at https://www.sigplan.org/Resources/Author/). Each paper should be in 10pt font and have no more than 10 pages for full papers or 4 pages for work-in-progress papers, excluding the bibliography. There is a 2-page limit on the page count for references. Each reference must list all authors of the paper (do not use et al.). The citations should be in numeric style, e.g., [52]. Submissions must be in PDF format and printable on US Letter and A4-sized paper. For papers in the work-in-progress category, add the suffix “(WIP)” to your title, such as “Title (WIP)”.

To enable double-blind reviewing, submissions must adhere to two rules:

  • author names and their affiliations must be omitted; and,
  • references to related work by the authors should be in the third person (e.g., not “We build on our previous work …” but rather “We build on the work of …”).

However, nothing should be done in the name of anonymity that weakens the submission or makes the job of reviewing the paper more difficult (e.g., important background references should not be omitted or anonymized). Papers must describe unpublished work that is not currently submitted for publication elsewhere as discussed here. Authors of accepted papers will be required to sign an ACM copyright release.

ACM Publications Policies

  1. By submitting your article to an ACM Publication, you are hereby acknowledging that you and your co-authors are subject to all ACM Publications Policies, including ACM’s new Publications Policy on Research Involving Human Participants and Subjects. Alleged violations of this policy or any ACM Publications Policy will be investigated by ACM and may result in a full retraction of your paper, in addition to other potential penalties, as per ACM Publications Policy.

  2. Please ensure that you and your co-authors obtain an ORCID ID, so you can complete the publishing process for your accepted paper. ACM has been involved in ORCID from the start, and we have recently made a commitment to collect ORCID IDs from all of our published authors. The collection process has started and will roll out as a requirement throughout 2022. We are committed to improve author discoverability, ensure proper attribution and contribute to ongoing community efforts around name normalization; your ORCID ID will help in these efforts.

AUTHORS TAKE NOTE

The official publication date is the date the proceedings are made available in the ACM Digital Library. This date may be up to two weeks prior to the first day of your conference. The official publication date affects the deadline for any patent filings related to published work.

By submitting the paper, the authors agree that if the paper is accepted, one author will have to register at the conference rate and present the paper in person at the LCTES 2024 conference.

Submission site

https://lctes24.hotcrp.com

LCTES’24 Speaker’s Guide

This document is for those presenting a paper at LCTES’24. If you’re presenting at ISMM, PLDI, or a PLDI tutorial or workshop, please see the Speaker’s Guide on the page for the corresponding conference/track.

Congratulations on having your paper accepted at LCTES’24! This document will help ensure your presentation runs smoothly and has the best possible audience impact. Please read it in its entirety.

Checklist

Before LCTES:

  • Prepare and practice.
  • Each presentation slot lasts for 15 minutes, including 12 minutes of presentation and 3 minutes of Q&A.
  • Upload a backup copy of your talk slides (details below).
  • Check the program to establish when and where your talk will be.
  • Ensure you have a HDMI adaptor for your device.

Before your talk:

  • Familiarize yourself with the room you will be speaking in.
  • Find and introduce yourself to your session chair.
  • Ensure that you are in the room no later than 5 minutes before your session.

After your talk:

  • Expect questions from the floor and session chair.

Preparing Your Talk

Your work will have a greater impact if you’re well prepared.

It is very important that you run to schedule. The LCTES’24 schedule is extremely tight, with hard stops imposed by FCRC scheduling. Session chairs have been asked to stick rigidly to the schedule.

Guidelines

  1. Your talk should run for no more than 12 minutes, uninterrupted. This gives you about three minutes for questions and speaker change-over.
  2. Your talk should be prepared for the standard 16:9 widescreen ratio. If your talk is in a different ratio, at best it will be pillarboxed, wasting screen real estate and diminishing impact, and at worst, it won’t display correctly.
  3. You will present your talk from a lectern, using a fixed lectern mic.
  4. You will need to provide your talk ahead of time in either pdf or powerpoint.

Uploading Your Presentation

As an insurance against technical failures, we ask all speakers to make a backup copy of their presentation available to the video team by uploading it the day before the session. You’re welcome to upload fresh copies at any time.

  • Format: your presentation must be saved as a powerpoint or pdf file (sorry!)
  • Naming: you must use your paper ID as your file name (.[ppt,pptx,pdf], e.g., LCTES-paper43.pptx)
  • Location: please use this link: https://www.dropbox.com/request/xp2Z2934nxRH0LQXm8RC

This requirement gives you assurance that if some major technical problem were to arise (such as a failure of your laptop), you will still be able to give your talk. If you do not make your presentation available in advance, and significant technical problems arise, we may have to shorten your presentation to keep to our tight schedule.

The requirement for you to use pdf or powerpoint for your backup copy is a pragmatic tradeoff. These slides will only be used in case of a technical emergency. We want to have the highest possible assurance that they will work without fuss on a third party device should such an emergency occur. If you use Google slides, Keynote, or some other software, please use the export feature to create either powerpoint or pdf backups.

If you elect not to upload a backup copy, please understand that this limits our volunteers’ capacity to assist you if a technical problem arises when you give your presentation.

Advice

There are many excellent sources of advice on giving good talks, including from Simon Peyton Jones, Michael Hicks, Michael Ernst, and Derek Dreyer. Make good use of these!

Q&A

If you stick to the above schedule you will have about 3 minutes for questions. The in-room audience will be able to ask questions via a queue at a single microphone on a mic stand in the center of the room.

It is good practice, as the speaker, to repeat your understanding of the question before providing your answer. This is particularly important when time is tight because it reduces opportunities for time being wasted on account of a misunderstanding.

Call for Papers

Programming languages, compilers, and tools are important interfaces between embedded systems and emerging applications in the real world. Embedded systems are aggressively adapted for deep neural network applications, large language models, autonomous vehicles, robots, healthcare applications, etc. However, these emerging applications impose challenges that conflict with conventional design requirements and increase the complexity of embedded system designs. Furthermore, they exploit new hardware paradigms to scale up multicores (including GPUs and FPGAs) and distributed systems built from many cores. Therefore, programming languages, compilers, and tools are becoming more important to address these issues, such as productivity, validation, verification, maintainability, safety, and reliability for meeting both performance goals and resource constraints.

The 25th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGBED International Conference on Languages, Compilers, Tools and Theory of Embedded Systems (LCTES 2024) solicits papers presenting original work on programming languages, compilers, tools, theory, and architectures that help in overcoming these challenges. Research papers on innovative techniques are welcome, as well as experience papers on insights obtained by experimenting with real-world systems and applications. Papers can be submitted to https://lctes24.hotcrp.com/.

Important Dates

  • Abstract submission - February 16, 2024     February 22, 2024 (AoE time)
  • Paper submission - February 23, 2024     February 29, 2024 (AoE time)
  • Paper notification - April 1, 2024
  • Camera-ready paper submission - May 1, 2024
  • Conference - June 24, 2024

Paper Categories

  • Full paper: 10 pages presenting original work (at most 2 additional pages for references and appendix).
  • Poster, work-in-progress and invited paper: 4 pages papers presenting original ideas that are likely to trigger interesting discussions.
  • Accepted papers in both categories will appear in the proceedings published by ACM. In addition, this year’s LCTES will have Distinguished Paper awards selected from this year’s accepted paper to recognise the outstanding work among all papers.

Special Issue Invitation

Accepted full papers will be invited to submit to a special issue of the ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS). A TECS publication will require substantial additional material over the conference publication and will undergo a separate review process. Papers submitted to LCTES (including the WIP papers) will be welcome to submit manuscripts to a special issue of the IEEE Embedded Systems Letters (IEEE ESL). A 4-page IEEE ESL manuscript will require clearly distinct intellectual contribution as compared to the conference paper and will undergo a separate review process.

Topics

Original contributions are solicited on the topics of interest including, but not limited to:

Programming language challenges

  • Domain-specific languages
  • Features to exploit multicore, reconfigurable, and other emerging architectures
  • Features for distributed, adaptive, and real-time control embedded systems
  • Capabilities for specification, composition, and construction of embedded systems
  • Language features and techniques to enhance reliability, verifiability, and security
  • Virtual machines, concurrency, inter-processor synchronization, and memory management
  • Compiler challenges

Interaction between embedded architectures, operating systems, and compilers

  • Interpreters, binary translation, just-in-time compilation, and split compilation
  • Support for enhanced programmer productivity
  • Support for enhanced debugging, profiling, and exception/interrupt handling
  • Optimization for low power/energy, code/data size, and real-time performance
  • Parameterized and structural compiler design space exploration and auto-tuning
  • Tools for analysis, specification, design, and implementation, including:
  • Hardware, system software, application software, and their interfaces
  • Distributed real-time control, media players, and reconfigurable architectures
  • System integration and testing
  • Performance estimation, monitoring, and tuning
  • Run-time system support for embedded systems
  • Design space exploration tools
  • Support for system security and system-level reliability
  • Approaches for cross-layer system optimization
  • Theory and foundations of embedded systems

Predictability of resource behavior: energy, space, time

  • Validation and verification, in particular of concurrent and distributed systems
  • Formal foundations of model-based design as the basis for code generation, analysis, and verification
  • Mathematical foundations for embedded systems
  • Models of computations for embedded applications
  • Novel embedded architectures

Design and implementation of novel architectures

  • Workload analysis and performance evaluation
  • Architecture support for new language features, virtualization, compiler techniques, debugging tools
  • Architectural features to improve power/energy, code/data size, and predictability
  • Mobile systems and IoT

Operating systems for mobile and IoT devices

  • Compiler and software tools for mobile and IoT systems
  • Energy management for mobile and IoT devices
  • Memory and IO techniques for mobile and IoT devices

Large language models (LLMs) and programming languages/compilers

  • Impact of LLMs on embedded system design and architectures
  • LLM-based debugging tools for embedded software
  • Adapting LLMs for resource-constraint environment
  • LLM for embedded systems and compilers
  • LLM for program analysis, testing and verification.
  • Program analysis, testing and verification for LLM